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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Manuscripts should be prepared in Microsoft Word file format. All manuscripts will follow the same general style as described in this document. The manuscript template can be downloaded from this Word Format. The editors reserve the right to edit these files to ensure every article follows the same style.


  • The article shall be written in good English (either American or British is accepted, but not a mixture of both)
  • Articles classifications:
    • Research Paper
    • Viewpoint
    • Case Study
    • Literature Review
    • Commentaries
    • Conceptual paper
  • The prefered paper length:
    • Research Paper : 5000-7000 words
    • Conceptual Paper : 4000-6000 words
    • Literature Review : 4000-6000 words
    • Book Review : 2000-3000 words
    • Letter to the Editor : 500-1000 words
    • Commentaries : 500-1500 words
  • The manuscript shall be formatted for an A4 size page.
  • The body text shall have both the left and right margins justified with single line spacing.
  • The font type shall be Cambria and size 11 points unless otherwise stated.
  • Paragraph Spacing before and after is 0 pt i.e. no blank lines between paragraphs
  • The first paragraph in each section or subsection is not indented but the following paragraphs are first-line indented 10mm.

Sections and subsections are formatted to three levels:


Heading 1 (Section heading): Cambria; Size - 11; Bold. Double-spaced before and single-spaced after

1.1 Research Methods

Heading 2 (Subheading): Cambria; Size - 11; Bold; capitalize each word, single-spaced before and after

1.1.1 Analysis of Results

Heading 3 (Sub-subheading): Cambria; Size – 1 Bold, Italicized; Centered, Capitalize the first word, single-spaced before and after.

Manuscript Structure

The manuscript should be organized into clearly defined sections, namely, introduction, literature review, methods, results and discussion, conclusion, acknowledgments (if any), references and appendices (if any). Sections and subsections should be formatted as heading levels 1, 2 and 3 as shown in General Rules. Any subsection, ideally, should not be more than 700 words. Authors are encouraged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity.

Title of the Paper

The title should be concise and informative to adequately describe the content of the paper as it is often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formula wherever possible. The title is centered on the page and is set in boldface (font size 14 pt). The first letter of each word in the title should be capitalized.

Author Names and Affiliations

The author’s name is provided below the title and followed by the author’s affiliation. Please state the given name and family name clearly. If the article was written by more than one author, append their name to the first author. If the authors are with different affiliations, assign a sequential superscript number (beginning with “1”) immediately after the author's name and precedes the author’s affiliation. However, authors with the same affiliation will bear the same number.

The names and affiliations are centered on the page (font size 10 pt). A blank line is required to separate the title, the author's name list and the affiliation.

Corresponding Author's Email

An email address of the author who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication, and post-publication is stated as a footnote at the first page. Clearly, indicate by placing an asterisk (“*”) after the author’s name and before the email address.

The email address should use Cambria font size, 8pt.


A concise and factual abstract is required (between 150 to 200 words) in one (1) paragraph. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the methodology, the principal result, and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. Do not cite references in the abstract.


Immediately after the abstract, provide between 3 to 5 keywords to clearly describe the subject matter, avoiding general and plural terms as well as multiple concepts. The keywords are listed in the lower case, alphabetical order, separated by commas and left and right margin justified (font size 10 pt).

Figure and Tables

Figures are numbered consecutively and the caption is placed centered below the figure. Similarly, tables are numbered consecutively in order of their appearance in the text. However, place the caption above the table body. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Present figures and tables after the text which they are referenced as “Figure 1” or “Table 1”.

Equations and Formula

Equations are displayed separately from the paragraphs of text. They should be flushed to the left of the page. The equation should be numbered consecutively. All equation numbers must appear in parentheses and on the right-hand side of the equation. Refer to equations in the text as "(1)". The text size of formula should be 10 points.


A conclusion section is required and should clearly discuss the advantages, limitations, possible applications and recommendations for future research.


Please acknowledge any organizations that have sponsored or supported this research. Individuals other than the authors who have given direct assistance could be acknowledged.


Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic citations lies entirely with the authors. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Citations in the text and reference list should follow the referencing style used by the APA style.

Citing and List of References

As a minimum, the full URL should be given. Any further information, if known (author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired or can be included in the reference list.


Journal Publication

[1] Jeon, I., Tan, L., Baek, J., J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym Chem. vol 48, issue 2 (2010) pp.1962-1972.[1] Jeon, I., Tan, L., Baek, J., J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym Chem. vol 48, issue 2 (2010) pp.1962-1972.


[2] L. Stein, “Random patterns,” in Computers and You, J. S. Brake, Ed. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, (1994) pp. 55- 70


[3] Transmission Systems for Communications, 3rd ed., Western Electric Co., Winston-Salem, NC, (1985) pp. 44–60.

Proceeding Papers

[4] S. P. Bingulac, “On the compatibility of adaptive controllers,” in Proc. 4th Annu. Allerton Conf. Circuit and Systems Theory, New York, (1994) pp. 8–16.


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